P­-38 Influences the Design of Cadillac


Harley Earl was head of General Motors’ Art and Color Department in the 20s, 30s and 40s. In 1939 he was permitted a sneak peek at the P‑38 Lockheed Lightning at the then top-secret Selfridge Field in Detroit.  Earl thought it was a strikingly beautiful aircraft, and he set about creating a new Cadillac that would take its styling cues from the P‑38.

1941 Lightening vs 1948 Cadillad

He was so impressed with the P‑38 design that he borrowed heavily from it to create an innovative model for their new Cadillac.  The models featured bulbous, bullet-like noses, pontoon front fenders, the warplane’s enormous wraparound windscreen…and, of course, those now-famous “tail fins” — which were directly influenced by the unusual twin booms of the P‑38 and their dominant fins.  These tailfins became the signature for Cadillac and set GM styling trends for many years to come. While there were structural reasons for the design of the fins on the P‑38, the fins on the Cadillac were strictly for “style” and were intended to suggest speed and flight in the car.  The ’48 Cadillac was the spirit of the “P‑38 Lightning” — on the ground instead of in the air.

…and the 1950 Studebaker!

Studebaker 1950 and 1951The Lockheed P‑38 was inspiration for Raymond Loewy and his design team at Studebaker for the 1950 and 1951 model years.

…and the 1953 Hudson Hornet!

Flying Hudsons

Over the years I have been fortunate to be able to work with members of the Planes of Fame Museum in Chino, California. This museum has one of the most unique and well-maintained collections of World War II fighting airplanes in the country.  Unlike many other WWII war-bird collections, these are not just static displays, since most of the aircraft are flown on a regular basis!

After much digging, I found a direct tie-in between Hudson Motor Car Company and these revered relics of a past age.

In 1940-1941 Hudson, like all the auto manufacturers of the day, knew that the country was on the brink of war. On December 7th, 1941, the destiny of the United States and Hudson would be linked forever since Hudson began manufacturing a number of different products for military applications.  The innovative manufacturing independent produced Oerlikeon anti -aircraft guns, aircraft fuselages, the incredible “Invader” landing craft engine and the wings of the famous Lockheed P‑38 Lightning. The wingspan of the P‑38 was 52 ft.  Mounted on those wings were two Allison liquid‑cooled V‑12 engines. The wings were built on an assembly line at the main plant located on Jefferson Avenue, and then shipped to Burbank, CA for final assembly at Lockheed.

The P‑38 Lighting served our pilots well in both theatres of operation, and was credited for shooting down Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the mastermind behind the attack on Pearl Harbor. The top two American aces of all time, Maj. Richard Bong (40 confirmed victories) and Maj. Thomas McGuire (38), both flew the Hudson-winged P‑38 Lightnings in the South Pacific.

In the HangarBecause of Hudson’s involvement in the making of the P‑38, I have taken a special interest in the aircraft and its accomplishments. The museum was hosting a famous visiting P‑38 by the name of “Glacier Girl’. The History Channel did an in-depth documentary on the recovery and restoration of this piece of Hudson history. On July 15, 1942, lost in bad weather, a flight of six P‑38’s were forced to land on the Greenland Icecap. The crewmen were rescued and the warplanes abandoned.  During the summer of 1992 one of the P‑38’s, which was buried under 268 feet of ice and snow, was finally recovered.  On October 2002, after 10 years of restoration, the P‑38 now known as “Glacier Girl” took her first flight. (See story here.)

Bob CardinI spoke with Bob Cardin (pictured at left with Quentin Roberts, Jr.), the man responsible for the restoration of the aircraft, and he was not even aware of the fact that Hudson had manufactured the wings! I asked him if he had seen any markings or stampings from manufacturers on the recovered plane. He said the outer skin of the plane had been damaged severely by the weight of the ice,  so it was difficult to tell what was what when piecing it together.

The Planes of Fame Museum is fortunate to have a beautiful P‑38 (23 Skidoo) as a permanent member of its collection. When the Glacier Girl and 23 Skidoo flew together that day in October, it was the first time that two P‑38s were in the air together since the end of World War II.

“It was, for all of us, a truly memorable sight!”
– Quentin Roberts

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