Origins of the Women Airforce Service Pilots

Ferrying Division Air Transport Command

Up until three o’clock in the afternoon of May 29, 1941, there was no organization of any kind in American military aviation to provide for either the delivery of planes or air transport of material.

By the end of that day, the Air Corps Ferrying Command, which grew into the Air Transport Command with its major component the Ferrying Division, was in existence with an assigned military personnel of two. William H. Tunner, a Major, was one of the two. By June 1944 there were 50,000 personnel, 8,500 of which were pilots and the Major was a General.

William H. Tunner WASP quote

William H. Tunner (“Over the Hump“)


Those chosen for ferry duty in the early part of the war were the experienced pilots of the time, most from civilian life. Among them were many famous names – Barry Goldwater, Gene Autry, racing pilot Joe de Bona, and Indianapolis racer Rex Mays. Usually considered too old for the combat training much to their disappointment, they had nevertheless been welcomed into the Ferrying Division of the Army Air Corps, Ferrying Division. They performed the invaluable service of flying all military aircraft types from factories to various destinations around the world.

Enter the WASPs

By September 1941, the shortage of pilots was acute and licensed women pilots were selected for ferrying duty.

Although restricted to flights within the U. S., they satisfactorily crisscrossed the country in all directions to deliver various types of planes (i.e., primary, basic and advanced trainers, small tow-target planes and large cargo carriers).

Eventually over a thousand women were hired to fly military planes, with 303 in the Ferry Division. This dropped to less than 150 when the restrictions for women to remain in ferrying demanded qualification in fighter aircraft, because many preferred other duties such as target towing, instrument instructing, flight testing after repair and overhaul, etc.

Those remaining in the AFC ferried all types of fighters, bombers, drones, and transports to assigned destinations within the confines of North America. Besides the twin and four engine bombers such as the B-25, A-20, B-26 and B-17, these women ferried the single engine P-39, P-40, P-47, P-51 and P-63 plus the twin engine pursuits, the P-38 and the P-61.

After completion of Pursuit School for the P-39, P-40, P-47 and P-51 the pilot returned to home base (Long Beach, Palm Springs, Dallas, Wilmington or Romulus). There the types of fighters to be delivered largely depended on geography. Although capable of flying any of the four, Wilmington pilots consistently flew P-47’s from the nearby Republic factory, Romulus WASPs went to Bell for the P-39’s and P-63’s, and those from Dallas, Long Beach, and Palm Springs had P-51’s to deliver, being close to either a modification center or the North American factory.

Orders for flying the various types of pursuits and bombers usually depended upon one’s base of operation. Those in the west near the Lockheed factory, considered themselves extremely fortunate to have access to the famous P-38 “Lightning.” Some few of these pilots were able, because of seniority and luck, to ferry the Lockheed P-38 and Northrop P-61 Black Widow. Only twenty-three WASPs were so fortunate as to ferry the P-38 to destinations in WWII.


Fifinella Logo

The unofficial logo for the WASPs was Fifinella designed for them by Walt Disney as a thank you for all their hard work on behalf of America.

Drawing by Dot Swain from "We Were WASPs

Uh…small problem!

When the order went out to the unenlightened Supply Corp to supply flight gear, they assumed (of course) that meant for men. The WASPs had great fun clowning around in those ill-fitting garments.

Drawing by Dot Swain from “We Were WASPs.


Officially Licensed US Air Force Lapel Pin
Approximately 3″ diameter
Excellent detail and finish
Double pin closure on back
Perfect lapel pin for clothing, hat, or jacket to show your support for their contributions during WWII

“You have shown that you can fly wingtip to wingtip with your brothers. If ever there was doubt in anyone’s mind that women could become skilled pilots, the WASPs dispelled that doubt. I want to stress how valuable the whole WASP program has been for the country.”

– Gen, H. H. “Hap” Arnold
Sweetwater, TX ♦ Dec 7, 1944

We ran across this cool painting called “Lightning Lady” — which is a tribute to the WASPs, and it looks like you can order a print from the artist, Stan Vosburg, if you like it as much as we do!


Another great painting (Artist is Gil Cohen).

During the late Autumn of 1944 on the tarmac of the Lockheed Aircraft Plant in Burbank, California, a group of four Women’s Airforce Service Pilots (WASP) are gathered around their flight leader.

Lightning Lady Art

The P-38 Association does not receive a commission from referring you to these artists. We just thought they were neat.

WASPs Awarded Congressional Gold Medals

38 WASPs Died while Serving our Country

In Memoriam

A WASP Among Eagles Book

Among Eagles

Before World War II most Americans did not believe that the average woman could fly professionally, but during the war more than a thousand women pilots proved them wrong. These were the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs), who served as military flyers on the home front.

In March 1944 one of them, Ann Baumgartner, was assigned to the Fighter Flight Test Branch at Wright Field in Dayton, Ohio. There she would make history as the only woman to test-fly experimental planes during the war and the first woman to fly a jet.

Jacqueline Cochran Book

Jacqueline Cochran: Biography of a Pioneer Aviator

Although Amelia Earhart remains the best-known female pilot of the 1930s, Jacqueline Cochran stood as the more important aviation pioneer and America’s top woman pilot.

This revealing biography explores Cochran’s childhood in an impoverished Florida mill town, her early career as a pilot, and her role in creating and leading the WASPs during World War II.


Nancy Batson Crews

Alabama’s First Lady of Flight.

This is the story of an uncommon woman–a high school cheerleader, campus queen, airplane pilot, wife, mother, politician, business-woman–who epitomizes the struggles and freedoms of women in 20th-century America.

In love with flying from the time she first saw Charles Lindbergh in Birmingham, (October 1927), Crews began her aviation career in 1939 as one of only five young women chosen for Civilian Pilot Training at the University of Alabama.

She was the 20th woman of 28 to qualify as an “Original” Women’s Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron (WAFS) pilot, employed during World War II shuttling P-38s, among other aircraft,


Most content in this section was compiled and donated by WASP Mary Lou Neale, now passed away. To read more about Mary Lou, click here.

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